I 10 saggi e The Wizard of Id

Commentando la scelta dei 10 saggi operata dal presidente Napolitano, il professor Sigmund Freud ha innanzitutto citato sé stesso, riprendendo un celeberrimo brano del suo Das Ich und das Es (citiamo qui dalla traduzione inglese, The Ego and the Id):

Now I think we shall gain a great deal by following the suggestion of a writer who, from personal motives, vainly asserts that he has nothing to do with the rigours of pure science. I am speaking of Georg Groddeck, who is never tired of insisting that what we call our ego behaves essentially passively in life, and that, as he expresses it, we are “lived” by unknown and uncontrollable forces. We have all had impressions of the same kind, even though they may not have overwhelmed us to the exclusion of all others, and we need feel no hesitation in finding a place for Groddeck’s discovery in the structure of science. I propose to take it into account by calling the entity which starts out from the system Pcpt. and begins by being Pcs. the “ego”, and by following Groddeck in calling the other part of the mind, into which this entity extends and which behaves as though it were Ucs., the “id”. (Freud 1927/1961, 13).


Ha poi proseguito affermando che molti dei saggi individuati dal presidente Napolitano si caratterizzano per un’ipertrofia dell’ego («the Wizards of Ego», li ha chiamati il padre della psicoanalisi) e che appare opportuno riequilibrare il gruppo con un saggio dell’id («the Wizard of Id», suggerisce il professor Freud).